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“Yesterday is history. Tomorrow is a mystery. Today is a gift. That’s why we call it ‘The Present’.” – Eleanor Roosevelt

Ancient Egypt – Hieroglyphics – Egyptian Writing


 

What was papyrus?

 

Papyrus was a plant grew well in the Nile delta (mouth of the river Nile).

 

How did Ancient Egyptians use the reeds of papyrus plant?

 

1)   To make paper

2)   To make ropes

3)   To make sandals

4)   To make baskets

 

How did Ancient Egyptians make paper from the papyrus plant?

 

1)   Workers gathered (collected) papyrus.

2)   The outer case of the papyrus was peeled off and the inner core was cut into strips.

3)   Papyrus strips were laid horizontally and vertically to make a page.

4)   Cloth was put on the papyrus and beaten with a mallet (hammer).

5)   The papyrus paper was rubbed smooth with a stone and scribes wrote on papyrus using reed pens.

 

What kinds of writings on papyrus have been found?

 

1)   Religious books

2)   Poetry

3)   Stories

4)   Magical spell


The book of the dead

 

What was ‘the book of the dead’?

 

The book made of papyrus which Ancient Egyptians buried with the dead body was called the book of the dead.

 

Why did Ancient Egyptians bury a book like this with the dead body?

 

Because the Egyptians believed that this book helped the person to have a new life after death.

 

Hieroglyphics

 

What is hieroglyphics?

 

The Ancient Egyptian writing system is called hieroglyphics.

 

What is a hieroglyph?

 

Each letter of hieroglyphics is called a hieroglyph.

 

What was used as letters of the hieroglyphics alphabet?

 

Pictures

 

The tomb of Hunefer

 

Who was Hunefer?

 

Hunefer was a scribe in Ancient Egypt.

 

How does the hieroglyphics on Hunefer’s tomb describe the following picture drawn in his tomb?

 

1)   Two women are shown in the picture.

2)   One of them is Hunefer’s wife.

3)   They are mourning the dead man.

4)   There are four priests.

5)   One is wearing a head of a jackal to make him look like Anubis, the god of funerals.

 

What was a jackal?

 

Old World dogtooth mammal that is active at night and closely related to the dog, but smaller than a wolf.

 

Rosetta stone

 

What is Rosetta stone?

 

Rosetta stone is a black stone slab covered with two kinds of Egyptian writing and Greek.

 

What are the two kinds of Egyptian writing on Rosetta stone?

 

1)   Hieroglyphics

2)   Demotic script

 

What was written in Greek on Rosetta stone?

 

The same thing written in Egyptian writing is also written in Greek.

 

What were the names written on Rosetta stone?

 

1) Ptolemy

2) Alexander

3) Cleopatra

 

Where can we see the Rosetta stone now?

 

In the British Museum in London

 

Who worked out the meaning of hieroglyphics using the Rosetta stone?

 

A French person called Jean Francois Champollion

 

When did he determine to work out the meaning of hieroglyphics?

 

When he was an 11 year boy

 

What did he do when he was 25 years old?

He broke the code of hieroglyphics and worked out the symbols for the letters ‘p’, ‘i’ and ‘o’.