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“Yesterday is history. Tomorrow is a mystery. Today is a gift. That’s why we call it ‘The Present’.” – Eleanor Roosevelt

The Environment – Living & Non-living Things


In the environment we can see two main things around us. They are;



Living things in our environment

Non – living things in our environment


People Buildings
Animals Vehicles
Plants Land
  Water etc.


the environment plants animals people

Examples of living things


the environment buildings vehicles

Examples of non-living things


the environment water land air

Examples of non-living things


What is the environment?

Our environment is our surroundings or all the living and non – living things around us.


Different types of environments


  • Home                                      
  • Forest
  • Classroom                                
  • River
  • Playground                            
  • Ocean
  • Library                                    
  • Streets etc.


Each of these places has a different type of environment.

the environment forests

Example of forests
Blue Mountains Forests in NSW, Australia


the environment ocean

Example of ocean
Cronulla Beaches in NSW, Australia


the environment rivers

Example of a river
Macquarie River in NSW, Australia


the environment playground

Example of a playground


the environment school

Example of a school environment


the environment valleys rock

Environment of a rocky formation with valleys
Three Sisters in Blue Mountains, NSW, Australia


the environment valleys

Example of valley environment
Hassans Walls Lookout in NSW, Australia


the environment mount valleys lake

A few environments together in nature


Plants and us

We know that an environment is all the living and nonliving things in a certain area.

E.g. – A Lake

the environment lake

Example of a lake
Lake Lyell in NSW, Australia


What are the living things in and around a lake?

All the plants and animals living in and around the lake.


What are the non – living things in and around a lake?

Sunlight, water, and soil are some of the non – living parts of a lake.


All the parts of an environment work together. Every living thing in an environment depends in some way upon other living and nonliving things in the environment. But how?


  • Non – living things make up the physical environment. That means sunlight, water, soil, temperature, and rainfall help to form the environment.
  • A wide variety of plants use sunlight, water, carbon dioxide, soil, temperature and rainfall to grow in this environment. Using these plants produce food and release a gas called oxygen into the environment.
  • These plants, in turn, can feed many different types of insects, fish, birds, and mammals in and around the lake as well as these animals can breath the gas called oxygen released by these plants. Animals release a gas called carbon dioxide into the environment.
  • Plants, in turn, absorb the gas called carbon dioxide released by the animals in and around the lake.


This is how plants and animals survive in an environment.


the environment plants animals relationships

Interrelationships among plants, animals and the environment



Air is a mixture of gases. There are two important gases for plants and animals to live. They are;

1. Oxygen                       2. Carbon dioxide



All animals need a gas called oxygen to breath. Without oxygen animals cannot survive in the environment. Animals breathe oxygen and breathe out (release) carbon dioxide.


Carbon dioxide

All plants need the energy of sunlight, water and a gas called carbon dioxide to live and grow. Plants absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen as a waste material.


How is oxygen made?

Plants release oxygen into the environment


How is carbon dioxide made?

Animals release carbon dioxide into the environment. When we burn coal, oil, gas, wood and other materials, carbon dioxide is released into the environment.