Facts about India
|Official name||Republic of India|
|Population||About 1 billion|
|Rank (position) among countries in size||7th (Seventh largest country in the world)|
|Rank among countries in population||2nd (Second highest number of people)|
|Major cities||1. Kolkata (Earlier – Calcutta)2. Delhi3. Mumbai (Earlier – Bombay)|
|Number of languages used||16 main languages and some other languages|
|Main languages||Hindi, Urdu, Tamil etc.|
|A famous plains||The Northern Plains|
|A famous plateau||The Deccan plateau|
|A famous desert||The Thar Desert|
|A popular tourist area||Goa|
|Number of seasons||Three|
A massive area of land on Earth is called a continent.
A land with its own name, government, flag and sometimes money is called a country.
Number of people in a given area is called population.
A river or stream that flows into a larger river is called a tributary.
A wide area of flat land high up in hills or mountains is called a plateau.
The Himalayas are the highest mountains in the world. The peaks are covered in snow and ice all the year round. The lower slopes are covered in forests.
Most of the population of India lives on the Northern plains.
Following rivers flow across the Northern Plains.
The capital, New Delhi and many of the great cities of India are on the Northern Plains.
The Deccan Plateau has farming and grazing land.
Following are the rich resources in the Deccan Plateau.
Bauxite (from which aluminium is produced)
The Thar Desert is hot and sandy. It is largely empty of spaces.
It has beautiful sandy beaches and coconut palms.
Cold winds blow south from the Himalayas. These bring cool, dry conditions to all parts of the country except for the far south and west. In the far south and west it is hot and humid all the year round.
The wind changes direction. Much of India has little or no rain at this time. It gets hotter and hotter. Finally the monsoons rains come.
Monsoons rains are strong winds in or around the Indian Ocean that bring heavy rains in summer.
Warm, wet winds sweep in from the Indian Ocean. It usually rains heavily for the next two months. If the monsoons rains don’t arrive, there is drought and famine.
Drought is a very long period without rain.
Famine is a severe shortage of food occurs due to droughts.
The winds change direction again. Winter returns, sometimes with violent tropical storms.