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170 Collective Nouns

Collective nouns are words used to describe a group of individuals, animals, objects, or concepts considered as a single unit. These nouns encapsulate the essence of a collection, often reflecting the characteristics, behaviors, or roles of the elements within the group.

Collective Nouns

Collective nouns are one of the more charming aspects of the English language, adding a layer of creativity and specificity to how we describe groups of things. These unique terms often carry historical, cultural, and sometimes humorous connotations. In this article, we’ll explore the categories of collective nouns and provide examples for each.



Examples of collective Nouns

Let’s go through the following lists of collective nouns.


Collective nouns for animals

One of the most well-known categories for collective nouns is that of animals. These terms often reflect the characteristics or behaviors of the animals they describe.

List of collective nouns for mammals

  • A business of ferrets
  • A prickle of porcupines
  • A leap of leopards
  • A sloth of bears
  • A sounder of swine
  • A cackle of hyenas
  • A crash of rhinoceroses
  • A bloat of hippopotamuses
  • A romp of otters
  • A coalition of cheetahs
  • A gang of elk
  • A cauldron of bats
  • A dazzle of zebras
  • A skulk of foxes
  • A drove of donkeys
  • A sleuth of bears
  • A scurry of squirrels
  • A mob of kangaroos
  • A wisdom of wombats
  • a glaring of cats (specifically for a group of cats that are not a family)

List of collective nouns for birds

  • A conspiracy of ravens
  • A murder of crows
  • A gulp of swallows
  • A parliament of owls
  • A convocation of eagles
  • A charm of finches
  • A deceit of lapwings
  • A flamboyance of flamingos
  • A pandemonium of parrots
  • A muster of peafowl
  • A watch of nightingales
  • A siege of herons
  • A colony of penguins
  • A waddle of penguins (on land)
  • A raft of ducks
  • A kettle of hawks
  • A descent of woodpeckers
  • A shimmer of hummingbirds
  • A peep of chickens
  • A tiding of magpies

List of collective nouns for insects/ arachnids

  • A flutter of butterflies
  • A swarm of bees
  • An army of ants
  • A plague of locusts
  • A rabble of butterflies
  • A cluster of spiders
  • A colony of termites
  • A cloud of gnats
  • A flight of dragonflies
  • A business of flies
  • A flutter of moths
  • A bloat of ticks
  • A horde of crickets
  • A nest of hornets
  • A grist of bees (alternative to swarm)
  • A bike of wasps
  • A kaleidoscope of butterflies
  • A intrusion of cockroaches
  • A lodge of mosquitoes
  • A patch of caterpillars

List of collective nouns for aquatic animals

  • A bale of turtles
  • A smack of jellyfish
  • A shiver of sharks
  • A cast of crabs
  • A run of salmon
  • A pod of dolphins
  • A bloom of jellyfish
  • A school of fish
  • A fever of rays
  • A shoal of mackerel
  • A troop of shrimp
  • A colony of coral
  • A flotilla of swordfish
  • A squad of squid
  • A bevy of swans (when on water)
  • A glide of flying fish
  • A gam of whales
  • A raft of sea otters
  • A battery of barracudas
  • A convoy of eels

List of collective nouns for reptiles and amphibians

  • A bask of crocodiles
  • A lounge of lizards
  • A rhumba of rattlesnakes
  • A knot of frogs
  • A congress of salamanders
  • A gaze of geckos
  • A lounge of iguanas
  • A colony of chameleons
  • A parade of tortoises
  • A congregation of turtles
  • A knot of pythons
  • A covey of cobras
  • A glint of gators
  • A bed of vipers
  • A cluster of newts
  • A crawl of crocodiles
  • A brood of turtles
  • A quiver of salamanders
  • A huddle of horned toads
  • A congress of frogs (alternative to knot)


Collective nouns for people

Collective nouns for people often reflect social structures, professions, or roles within a group.

List of collective nouns for people

  • A crowd of people
  • A mob of protesters
  • A staff of employees
  • A clique of colleagues
  • A flock of tourists
  • A panel of experts
  • A choir of singers
  • A crew of sailors
  • A guild of artisans
  • A syndicate of detectives
  • A party of friends
  • A troupe of dancers
  • A team of athletes
  • A gathering of acquaintances
  • An assembly of revelers


Collective nouns for objects

Objects also have collective nouns, often tied to their functions or quantities.

List of collective nouns for miscellaneous Items

  • A set of tools
  • A pile of papers
  • A batch of supplies
  • A bundle of sticks
  • A bunch of keys
  • A set of dishes
  • A pack of cards
  • A roll of tape
  • A rack of clothes
  • A row of houses
  • A block of flats
  • An album of photographs
  • A heap of garbage
  • A suite of furniture
  • A flight of stairs

List of collective nouns for vehicles

  • A fleet of ships
  • A fleet of cars
  • A procession of cars
  • A squadron of aircraft
  • A squadron of helicopters
  • A flotilla of boats
  • A caravan of RVs
  • A convoy of motorcycles
  • A convoy of bicycles
  • A convoy of buses
  • A convoy of trucks
  • A fleet of ships
  • A lineup of taxis
  • A lineup of trains
  • A swarm of scooters


Collective Nouns for Food

Collective nouns for food are terms used to describe groups or collections of specific food items. These nouns help categorize and quantify multiple food items as a single entity, making it easier to refer to them in conversation or writing.

List of collective nouns for food

  • A bunch of bananas
  • A loaf of bread
  • A pack of cookies
  • A cluster of grapes
  • A dozen eggs
  • A bushel of apples
  • A head of lettuce
  • A slice of pizza
  • A slab of meat
  • A stick of butter
  • A bowl of rice
  • A cup of coffee
  • A bar of chocolate
  • A jug of milk
  • A sack of potatoes


Collective Nouns for Conceptual Groups

Even abstract concepts and actions can be described using collective nouns.


  • A series of events
  • A chain of reactions
  • A string of coincidences


  • A body of knowledge
  • A school of thought
  • A range of emotions


  • A cycle of processes
  • A sequence of steps
  • A stream of consciousness


Humorous and Unique Collective Nouns

Some collective nouns are particularly whimsical, capturing the imagination and adding a playful twist to language.

  • A mischief of mice
  • An exaltation of larks
  • A prickle of porcupines
  • A quiver of cobras

Collective nouns enrich our language, providing specific and often colorful ways to describe groups of various kinds. They reflect our history, culture, and sometimes our sense of humor. Whether referring to a school of fish, a pride of lions, or a quiver of cobras, these terms enhance our communication and add depth to our descriptions.


Next time you see a group of something, try to think of its collective noun—you might just find the perfect word to describe it!