An analogy is used to compare two things which are mostly different from each other. It explains one thing by using a connection with the other thing. Therefore, an analogy is a word relationship which compares a couple of words. Let’s learn some examples of analogies.
Purple is to colour as Orchid is to flower
Seed is to tree as egg is to bird
Green is to go as red is to stop
Foot is to toe as hand is to finger
Stable is to horse as kennel is to dog
Big is to small as wide is to narrow
Man is to woman as uncle is to aunt
Cat is to kitten as lion is to cub
Dog is to paw as horse is to hoof
Sheep is to wool as rabbit is to fur
Little is to big as dwarf is to giant
Sheep is to mutton as pig is to pork
Boy is to girl as man is to woman
Uncle is to nephew as aunt is to niece
High is to low as up is to down
Feathers are to birds as scales are to fish
Tear is to sorrow as smile is to joy
Arrow is to bow as bullet is to rifle
Wing is to birds as fin is to fish
Here is to there as this is to that
Eat is to ate as go is to went
Food is to hungry drink is to thirsty
Nose is to smell as tongue is to taste
Picture is to wall as carpet is to floor
Steam is to water as smoke is to fire
Desolate is to desolation as pleasant is to pleasure
North is to south as east is to west
Rich is to poor as ancient is to modern
Ankle is to leg as wrist is to arm
King is to kingdom as abbot is to monastery
Can’t is to can as won’t is to will
Swim is to swam as read is to read
Apiary is to bees as aviary is to birds
Meat is to butcher as flowers are to florist
Soldier is to army as sailor is to navy
April is to May as Wednesday is to Thursday
Picture is to artist as poem is to poet
Car is to garage as aeroplane is to hangar
Lion is to roar as elephant is to trumpet
Wheel is to spoke as flower is to stalk
Graceful is to clumsy as polite is to rude
Swan is to cygnet as pig is to piglet
Fish is to water as bird is to air
Table is to wood as window is to glass
Meat is to butcher as flower is to florist
“O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright!
Her beauty hangs upon the cheek of night,
Like a rich jewel in an Ethiop’s ear.”
– Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare
“Memory is to love what the saucer is to the cup.”
– The House in Paris by Elizabeth Bowen
“They crowded very close about him, with their hands always on him in a careful, caressing grip, as though all the while feeling him to make sure he was there. It was like men handling a fish which is still alive and may jump back into the water.”
– A Hanging by George Orwell (Book: Shooting an Elephant and Other Essays)
“It has been well said that an author who expects results from a first novel is in a position similar to that of a man who drops a rose petal down the Grand Canyon of Arizona and listens for the echo.”
– Cocktail Time by P.G. Wodehouse
“The day is done, and the darkness
Falls from the wings of Night,
As a feather is wafted downward
From an eagle in his flight.”
– The Day Is Done by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Metaphors and similes are tools of analogy. They represent an analogy. Metaphors and similes compare things too.
A metaphor or a simile compares two things which don’t look alike, but have something in common.
When comparing two things, metaphors don’t use ‘like’ or ‘as’ whereas, similes use ‘like’ or ‘as’.
(Click ‘similes’ to learn the examples of similes and try quizzes and worksheets on similes.)
Look at the following examples to understand the difference between a metaphor and a simile.
My hair is a crow’s nest.
My hair is like a crow’s nest.
My hair is as messy as a crow’s nest.
Rebecca has a heart of a lion.
Rebecca is as brave as a lion.
The world is a stage.
The world is like a stage.
Human brain is a computer.
Human brain is like a computer.
Margie is a bee.
Margie is as busy as a bee.
Margie is like a bee.