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Producers and consumers


Through this lesson, let’s discuss about what producers and consumers are.

Producers and Consumers

producers and consumers in a food chain Producers and consumers in a food chain

Who are producers?

Producers are organisms that make their own food by the process of photosynthesis. Green plants are the only natural producers in this world that can make their own food. Producers are the base of the food chain. That means a food chain always starts with a producer.

 

producers and consumers - greenplants

Green plants are the only natural producers that make their own food through the process, photosynthesis.

 

Consumers

 

Consumers in a food chain chart

The main divisions of consumers in a food chain

 

Who are consumers?

 

Consumers are living things that cannot make their own food and eat other living things to survive.

 

What are the three main types of consumers according to their food habits?

 

  • Herbivores
  • Omnivores
  • Carnivores

 

Omnivores and carnivores are also called Predators.

 

Who are herbivores?

 

Herbivores are animals that only eat plants. Herbivores are also called primary consumers in a food chain. Most animals are herbivores.

 

food chains - herbivores

A sheep is an example of a herbivore

food chains - herbivores

Elephants are examples of herbivores

food chains - herbivores

A hippopotamus is an example of a herbivore

food chains - herbivores

A wallaby is an example of a herbivore

Who are omnivores?

 

Omnivores are animals that eat both animals and plants. We, human beings are also included in omnivores. Omnivores can also be predators. Omnivores can be primary or secondary consumers in a food chain.

 

food chains - omnivores

A dog is an example of an omnivore

food chains - omnivores

A cat is an example of an omnivore

food chains - omnivores

Humans are examples of omnivores

food chains - omnivores

A squirrel is an example of an omnivore

 

Who are carnivores?

 

Carnivores are meat-eaters that only eat meat. Carnivores are also called predators. Carnivores often have sharp teeth and powerful jaws. Carnivores can be secondary consumers, tertiary consumers or quaternary consumers in a food chain.

 

food chains - carnivores

A cheetah is an example of a carnivore

food chains - carnivores

A crocodile is an example of a carnivore

food chains - carnivores

A tiger is an example of a carnivore

food chains - carnivores

Meerkats are examples of carnivores

 

Herbivores

Omnivores

Carnivores

Elephant Cat Eagle
Rabbit Dog Lion
Cow Human beings Tiger
Grasshopper Birds Snake
Snail Squirrel Crocodile

 

Who are predators?

Predators are animals that hunt and kill other animals for food.
 

Who is a top predator?

A top predator is an animal at the top of the food chain.

E.g. – Jaguar, Eagle, Lion, Tiger etc.
 
Top predators have little or no natural enemies.

 

food chains - top predators

Eagle is a best example of a top predator

food chains - top predators

Lion is a best example of a top predator

food chains - top predators

Leopard is a best example of a top predator

 

What is a prey?

Prey is an animal hunted by a predator.

 

prey-and-predator

Example of a good predator and its prey

 

Hope you learned a great deal about producers and consumers. Also, read the lesson Food Chains and Food Webs.