Through this lesson, let’s discuss about what producers and consumers are.
Producers are organisms that make their own food by the process of photosynthesis. Green plants are the only natural producers in this world that can make their own food. Producers are the base of the food chain. That means a food chain always starts with a producer.
Consumers are living things that cannot make their own food and eat other living things to survive.
Omnivores and carnivores are also called Predators.
Herbivores are animals that only eat plants. Herbivores are also called primary consumers in a food chain. Most animals are herbivores.
Omnivores are animals that eat both animals and plants. We, human beings are also included in omnivores. Omnivores can also be predators. Omnivores can be primary or secondary consumers in a food chain.
Carnivores are meat-eaters that only eat meat. Carnivores are also called predators. Carnivores often have sharp teeth and powerful jaws. Carnivores can be secondary consumers, tertiary consumers or quaternary consumers in a food chain.
Predators are animals that hunt and kill other animals for food.
A top predator is an animal at the top of the food chain.
E.g. – Jaguar, Eagle, Lion, Tiger etc.
Top predators have little or no natural enemies.
Prey is an animal hunted by a predator.
Hope you learned a great deal about producers and consumers. Also, read the lesson Food Chains and Food Webs.