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Types of Nouns


What is a noun?

There are different types of nouns. A noun is a word that refers to a person, place or thing. So, noun is a word that represents everything we can see or talk about. This word is also called a ‘naming word’. Therefore, ‘a noun is a naming word’.

Types of Nouns

 

 

Types of nouns

Basically, there are eight main types of nouns. Look at the following list of types of nouns.

 

Types of nouns

  • Common nouns
  • Proper nouns
  • Concrete nouns
  • Abstract nouns
  • Compound nouns
  • Collective nouns
  • Countable nouns
  • Uncountable nouns

 

Common nouns

A common noun refers to people, animals, places or things in general.

 

Examples of common nouns:

 

  • dog
  • flower
  • door
  • bus
  • baby
  • girl
  • mother
  • father
  • nurse
  • brother
  • town

 

Also, common nouns can be ‘singular nouns’ or ‘plural nouns’.

 

Singular nouns

A common noun that refers to only one person, animal, place or thing is called a ‘singular noun’.

 

Plural nouns

A common noun that refers to more than one person, animal, place or thing is called a ‘plural noun’.

 

Look at the following list of singular and plural forms of common nouns.

 

Singular Nouns

Plural Nouns

bird

birds

bee

bees

plant

plants

window

windows

table

tables

city

cities

country

countries

state

states

boy

boys

parent

parents

teacher

teachers

doctor

doctors

woman

women

sister

sisters

monkey

monkeys

 

Proper nouns

A proper noun identifies a specific person, place or thing, which are names. A proper noun usually begins with a ‘capital letter’. Usually, a proper noun doesn’t have a singular or plural form.

 

Examples of proper nouns:

 

  • Jennifer
  • Peter
  • Australia
  • October
  • Surrey
  • Wednesday
  • Samsung
  • Louis Vuitton
  • Victoria

 

Concrete nouns

A concrete noun refers to a person, animal or thing, which can be physically seen, touched, smelled, heard or tasted. A concrete noun also has a singular and a plural form.

 

Examples of concrete nouns:

 

Singular Nouns

Plural Nouns

book

books

puppy

puppies

rose

roses

radio

radios

muffin

muffins

 

Abstract nouns

An abstract noun refers to emotions, feelings, ideas, qualities or characteristics, which cannot be physically seen, touched, smelled, heard or tasted. Some abstract nouns have a plural form too.

 

Examples of abstract nouns:

 

  • intelligence
  • ambition
  • belief
  • courage
  • faith
  • enthusiasm
  • determination
  • forgiveness
  • honesty
  • inspiration
  • humor
  • joy
  • kindness
  • patience

 

Some abstract nouns have a plural form too. Look at the following singular and plural forms of abstract nouns.

 

Singular Nouns

Plural Nouns

dream

dreams

damage

damages

hope

hopes

earning

earnings

value

values

weakness

weaknesses

strength

strengths

condolence

condolences

talent

talents

 

Compound nouns

A compound noun is a combination of two or more words which join together to make a single noun.

 

Examples of compound nouns:

 

A compound noun can be made up of joining;

 

1) Two nouns together

Example: bedroom

 

‘bed’ is a noun.

‘room’ is also a noun.

We can join these two nouns ‘bed’ and ‘room’ together and make the single noun ‘bedroom’.

Joining two nouns together to make compound nouns

A compound noun can be made by joining two nouns together

 

2) An adjective and a noun together

Example: blackboard

 

‘black’ is an adjective.

‘board’ is a noun.

We can join this adjective ‘black’ and the noun ‘board’ together and make the single noun ‘blackboard’.

Joining an adjective and a noun together to make compound nouns

A compound noun can be made by joining an adjective and a noun together

 

3) A verb and a noun together

Example: washing machine

 

‘washing’ is a verb.

‘machine’ is a noun.

We can join this verb ‘washing’ and the noun ‘machine’ together and make the compound noun ‘washing machine’.

Joining a verb and a noun together to make compound nouns

A compound noun can be made by joining a verb and a noun together

 

4) A preposition and a noun together

Example: bystander

 

‘by’ is a preposition.

‘stander’ is a noun.

We can join this preposition ‘by’ and the noun ‘stander’ together and make the single noun ‘bystander’.

Joining a preposition and a noun together to make compound nouns

A compound noun can be made by joining a verb and a noun together

 

5) A noun and a verb together

Example: snowfall

 

‘snow’ is a noun.

‘fall’ is a verb.

We can join the noun ‘snow’ and the verb ‘fall’ together and make the single noun ‘snowfall’.

Joining a noun and a verb together to make compound nouns

A compound noun can be made by joining a noun and a verb together

 

6) A noun and a preposition together

Example: passer-by

 

‘passer’ is a noun.

‘by’ is a preposition.

We can join the noun ‘passer’ and the preposition ‘by’ together and make the compound noun ‘passer-by’.

Joining a noun and a preposition together to make compound nouns

A compound noun can be made by joining a noun and a preposition together

 

7) A verb and a preposition together

Example: takeoff

 

‘take’ is a verb.

‘off’ is a preposition.

We can join the verb ‘take’ and the preposition ‘off’ together and make the compound noun ‘takeoff’.

Joining a verb and a preposition together to make compound nouns

A compound noun can be made by joining a verb and a preposition together

 

8) An adjective and a verb together

Example: whitewash

 

‘white’ is an adjective.

‘wash’ is a verb.

We can join the adjective ‘white’ and the verb ‘wash’ and make the compound noun ‘whitewash’.

Joining an adjective and a verb together to make compound nouns

A compound noun can be made by joining an adjective and a verb together

 

A compound noun can also have a plural form. Look at the following singular and plural forms of compound nouns.

 

Singular Nouns

Plural Nouns

bedroom

bedrooms

blackboard

blackboards

washing machine

washing machines

bystander

bystanders

snowfall

snowfalls

passer-by

passers-by

takeoff

take-offs

whitewash

whitewashes

 

Collective nouns

A collective noun refers to a group of people, animals or things. A collective noun may also have a singular and plural form.

 

Examples of collective nouns:

 

Singular Nouns

Plural Nouns

a class of students

classes of students

a flock of birds

flocks of birds

a stack of wood

stacks of wood

a bowl of soup

bowls of soup

a school of whales

schools of whales

a library of books

libraries of books

a loaf of bread

loaves of bread

a chest of drawers

chests of drawers

a choir of singers

choirs of singers

a bundle of sticks

bundles of sticks

a bar of chocolate

bars of chocolate

a troupe of dancers

troupes of dancers

 

A class of students - Collective nouns

A class of students

 

A library of books - Collective nouns

A library of books

 

A school of whales - Collective nouns

A school of whales

 

A choir of singers - Collective nouns

A choir of singers

 

A chest of drawers - Collective nouns

A chest of drawers

 

Countable nouns

A countable noun refers to things which can be counted. Also, a countable noun has a singular and a plural form.

 

Examples of countable nouns:

 

Singular Nouns

Plural Nouns

orange

oranges

potato

potatoes

coin

coins

chair

chairs

bottle

bottles

knife

knives

box

boxes

plate

plates

man

men

mango

mangoes

wolf

wolves

lady

ladies

 

Uncountable nouns

An uncountable noun refers to things that cannot be counted. For example; we cannot count ‘water’. Instead, we can count ‘glasses of water’.

 

Examples of uncountable nouns:

 

  • flour
  • honey
  • water
  • sugar
  • electricity
  • gas
  • power
  • furniture
  • news
  • information
  • help