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“Christmas isn't a season. It's a feeling.” – Edna Ferber

Ancient Egypt – Farmers and Food


What were the three seasons for farming in Ancient Egypt?

 

  • Summer
  • Cultivation
  • Harvest

 

What happened in each season?

 

a. Summer  

 
The Nile flooded the farm land.
 

b. Cultivation        

 
1) The land was no longer flooded

2) Farmers ploughed.

3) They sowed seeds.

4) And dug new irrigation canals.

 

c. Harvest 

 
1) Farmers collected the harvest (crops).

 

Ploughs used in ancient Egypt

 
1) Ploughs were made of wood.

2) They were pulled by oxen.

3) Ploughs were used to turn over the soil ready for the seed to be sown.

 

How did they use hoes?

 
1) For breaking up heavy soil

2) For digging

 

What were the grains grown by ancient Egyptians?

 

  • Wheat
  • Barley
  • Emmer

 

What is ‘emmer’?

 
1) Emmer is a kind of grain like wheat and rye.

2) It is used for making bread.

 

How did ancient Egyptian make bread?

 
1) The grain (wheat or emmer) was ground into flour.

2) Flour was kneaded (squeezed) with water into a dough to make bread.

 

What were the foods and drinks eaten and drunk by ancient Egyptians?

 

Foods

Drinks

Bread Water
Fruits like dates and figs Beer
Meat (Beef, mutton and meat from ducks and geese) Vine
Fish  

 

How did they get fish?

 
Fish was caught in the Nile and pickled and dried in the Sun.